Period 2

The Problem(s)

  • Temperance sprang up in the U.S. as early as 1830
  • Many organizations came about because of temperance, Such as the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union from Ohio. They tried to inform people of the dangers and effects of alcohol. The WCTU later became a national organization.
  • Many People in the USA were concerned about the use of alcohol and spirits. Many discussions were held between Christian groups and the government. Prohibition was tossed around.
  • Eventually, the USA Government Prohibited the use and making of Alcohol.

The Solution(s)

  • One solution would be the 18th amendment- by outlawing the production, sale, and consumption of alcohol.
  • One more way to help would be the Anti-Saloon Act which closed saloons because they combine foreign cultures, alcohol, and corrupt politics in a destructive way.
  • One other solution would be supporting social movements like the Social Gospel and the Settlement House Movement, because they bring religion the less fortunate by building churches in poor communities, and building community centers in the slum neighborhoods- assistance will be provided for anyone who needs it.
  • Women started organizations like The Crusader’s Temperance Movement, and the Women’s Temperance Crusade. These groups were used to outlaw alcohol.

The Images

The Primary Sources

The Eighteenth Amendment:
Section 1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.
Section 2. The http://www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com/library/searches/searchdisplay.aspx?fulltext=temperance+movement&nav=rlist&specialtopicid=-1&entryid=254212&categorytypeid=1#|Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Section 3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.
The Women's Christian Temperance Union: Declaration of Principles:We believe in the coming of His Kingdom whose service is perfect freedom, because His laws, written in our members as well as in nature and in grace, are perfect, converting the soul. We believe in the gospel of the Golden Rule, and that each man's habits of life should be an example safe and beneficent for every other man to follow. We believe that God created both man and woman in His own image, and therefore we believe in one standard of purity for both men and women, and in the equal right of all to hold opinions and to express the same with equal freedom. We believe in a living wage; in an eight-hour day; in courts of conciliation and arbitration; in justice as opposed to greed and gain; and in "Peace on earth and good will to men." We therefore formulate, and for ourselves adopt the following pledge, asking our sisters and brothers of a common danger and a common hope, to make common cause with us, in working its reasonable and helpful precepts into the practice of everyday life:
I hereby solemnly promise, God helping me, to abstain from all distilled, fermented and malt liquors, including wine, beer and cider, and to employ all proper means to discourage the use of and traffic in the same.
To confirm and enforce the rationale of this pledge, we declare our purpose to http://www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com/library/searches/searchdisplay.aspx?countryid=undefined&nav=rlist&fulltext=temperance%20movement&entryid=255288&categorytypeid=1#|education the young; to form a better public sentiment; to reform so far as possible, by religious, ethical and scientific means, the drinking classes; to seek the transforming power of Divine grace for ourselves and all for whom we work, that they and we may willfully transcend no law of pure and wholesome living, and finally we pledge ourselves to labor and to pray that all these principles, founded upon the gospel of Christ, may be worked out into the custom of society and the laws of the land.

The Citations

"Eighteenth Amendment." ABC-Clio. 21 Feb. 2007 <www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com>.
"Women's Christian Temperance Union: Declaration of Principles." ABC-Clio. 21 Feb. 2007 <www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com>.